Energy and Electricity in the Israel-Palestine Conflict
Dr. Lior Herman examines how and when energy is used as a punitive or rewarding measure to advance foreign policy ends under conditions of perpetual conflict. Drawing on hundreds of primary governmental and commercial documents, and extensive elite interviews, Dr. Herman examines and discusses Israeli–Palestinian relations over 50 years. Israeli-Palestinian energy relations are characterized by extensive instrumentalization of energy for foreign policy objectives. Electricity, a neglected area in international relations and conflict literatures, is a significant foreign policy tool. The findings emphasize four major variables that shape the timing and form of energy measures—politics, regime type, dependence level, and energy production chain. The talk will also discuss new and unexpected developments based on remote sensing analysis, which are of key geopolitical importance.